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If you enjoy Simplified JavaScript Jargon, be sure to check the related projects!

A
  • Ajax: a technology for asynchronous HTTP requests
  • AMD: a standard defining how to load JavaScript libraries or modules asynchronously
  • AngularJS: a structural framework for dynamic web apps
  • Apache Cordova: a popular mobile application development framework originally created by Nitobi
  • Arity: the number of arguments of a function
B
  • Babel: a JavaScript transformation toolkit which started as an ECMAScript 2015 / ES6 code translator (transpiler)
  • Backbone: a structural framework for dynamic web apps
  • BEM: a methodology and libraries developed and used at Yandex for building user interfaces
  • Bluebird: a fully featured Promise library with focus on innovative features and performance
  • Bower: a package manager for front-end dependencies
  • Broccoli: a fast and reliable asset pipeline
  • Browserify: a tool making possible to use the `require` function from Node.js within the browser
  • Brunch: a tool focusing on the production of deployment-ready files from development files
C
  • Canvas: an HTML element for graphic applications in 2D or 3D
  • Chai: an assertion library used with a JavaScript testing framework
  • Closure: a way of referencing variables from a child function while retaining their value even if it changes in the parent function
  • Closure Compiler: a JavaScript checker and optimizer
  • Coffeescript: a language that compiles into JavaScript
  • CommonJS: a project with the goal of specifying an ecosystem for JavaScript outside the browser (for example, on the server or for native desktop applications)
  • CORS: a way for a server to make things accessible to pages hosted on other domains
  • CouchDB: a NoSQL database with JavaScript as query language and HTTP as API
  • Currying: the process to transform a function with multiple parameters into a chain of functions of one parameter
D
  • D3.js: a library for manipulating documents based on data
  • Design Patterns: a general reusable solution to a commonly occurring problem within a given context in software design
  • DOM: a platform- and language-neutral interface that allow programs and scripts to dynamically access and update the content, structure and style of documents
E
  • ECMAScript (ES): the standardized specification of the scripting language used by JavaScript
  • Electron: a framework based on Node.js lets you write cross-platform desktop applications using JS, HTML and CSS
  • Ember: an application framework based on the model-view-controller pattern
  • Enzyme: a JavaScript Testing utility for React developed by AirBnB that makes it easier to assert, manipulate, and traverse React components’ output.
  • ESLint: a JavaScript code linter
  • Express: a fast, un-opinionated, minimalist web framework for Node.js
  • Ext JS: a pure JavaScript application framework for building interactive cross platform web applications
F
  • Facade Pattern: a software design pattern commonly used with object-oriented programming. The name is by analogy to an architectural facade
  • Factory Pattern: a creational pattern that uses factory methods to deal with the problem of creating objects without having to specify the exact class of the object that will be created
  • Falcor: a JavaScript library for efficient data fetching
  • Flow: a static type checker, designed to find type errors in JavaScript programs
  • Flux: an application structure focusing on improved data flow
  • Four: a framework to develop 3D content for the web
G
  • Grunt: a task runner aiming at automating tedious and possibly complex tasks
  • Gulp: a task runner aiming at automating tedious and possibly complex tasks
H
  • Hapi: a Node JS framework for writing services and more
  • Hoisting: an action performed by the JavaScript interpreter that moves function and variable declarations to the top of their containing scope
I
  • IIFE: a function that gets called immediately after declaration
  • Ionic: a HTML5 mobile framework to build beautiful hybrid native mobile applications using AngularJS and Cordova
  • Isomorphic: an application is said to be isomorphic (universal) when its code can run both in the client and the server
J
  • Jasmine: a testing framework for BDD (Behaviour-Driven Development)
  • jQuery: a fast, small, and feature-rich client-side library
  • JSCS: a JavaScript code linter
  • JSHint: a JavaScript code linter
  • JSLint: a JavaScript code linter
  • JSON-LD: JSON for Linked Data
  • JSON: a lightweight data-interchange format
  • JSPM: like npm with its own build system and multiple resources management
  • JSX: an XML-like syntax extension to JavaScript
K
  • Knockout: a library that helps developers creating user interfaces with a clean underlying data model
L
  • LocalForage: a fast and simple storage library for JavaScript
  • Lodash: an utility toolkit to extend JavaScript primitive types
M
  • MEAN: the technology stack MongoDB, ExpressJS, AngularJS, and Node.js (MEAN)
  • Mediator Pattern: an object that encapsulates how a set of objects interact
  • Memoize: an optimization used to speed up consecutive function calls by caching the result of calls with identical input
  • Metalsmith: a simple, pluggable static site generator
  • Meteor: a JavaScript web framework that allows rapid prototypic web development
  • Mocha: an extensible testing framework for TDD (Test-Driven Development) or BDD (Behaviour-Driven Development)
  • Modernizr: a browser feature detection library, useful to modify page styles when a feature is not available in the browser
  • Module Pattern: a design pattern used to implement the concept of software modules, defined by modular programming, in a programming language with incomplete direct support for the concept
  • Moment.js: a library to parse, validate, manipulate and display dates
  • MongoDB: a Javascript NoSQL database
  • MooTools: a collection of JavaScript utilities designed for the intermediate to advanced JavaScript developer. It allows you to write powerful and flexible code with its elegant, well documented, and coherent APIs
N
  • Nightmare: a high-level browser automation library
  • NightwatchJS: a framework for browser automated testing
  • Node.js: a cross-platform runtime environment for developing server-side applications built on V8 engine
  • npm: a utility to help publishing packages to, and installing from, an npm repository
  • nvm: a utility to help run multiple versions of Node.js on the same machine
O
  • Observer Pattern: a software design pattern in which an object, called the subject, maintains a list of its dependents, called observers, and notifies them automatically of any state changes, usually by calling one of their methods
P
  • Passport.js: a simple authentication middleware
  • PhantomJS: a scripted, headless browser used for automating web page interaction
  • Polymer: Google’s library for creating Web Components
  • PostCSS: a tool to transform CSS styles using JavaScript plugins; plugins include autoprefixer, future CSS transpiling, CSS linting and media queries
  • Promise: a proxy for a value not necessarily known immediately but that will eventually be resolved
  • Prototype: a JavaScript framework that aims to ease development of dynamic web applications. It offers a familiar class-style OO framework, extensive Ajax support, higher-order programming constructs, and easy DOM manipulation
  • Prototype Pattern: a creational design pattern in software development. It is used when the type of objects to create is determined by a prototypical instance, which is cloned to produce new objects
  • Pure Function: a functionnal programming paradigm that ensures that a function has some strict properties.
Q
  • Q: a library to create and manage promises
  • QUnit: a powerful, easy-to-use JavaScript unit testing framework
R
  • Ramda: a practical functional library for JavaScript programmers
  • React: a library developed and used at Facebook for building user interfaces
  • Redux: a predictable state container for apps
  • RequireJS: a browser based module loader using AMD
  • Revealing Module Pattern: a design pattern conceptually based on the Module Pattern. The only difference is that the *revealing module pattern* was engineered as a way to ensure that all methods and variables are kept private until they are explicitly exposed
  • rnpm: a package manager to ease React Native development
  • RxJS: a library for asynchronous programming using observable streams
S
  • Sails: a realtime MVC Framework for Node.js
  • Singleton Pattern: a design pattern that restricts the instantiation of a class to one object
T
  • Three.js: a lightweight 3D library to create and display animated 3D computer graphics on a Web browser
  • TypeScript: a super-set of the JavaScript language that introduces types
U
  • UMD: a pattern of universal module definition for JavaScript modules
  • Underscore: a swiss army knife, focusing on helper methods for most built-in objects
  • Universal: an application is said to be universal (isomorphic) when its code can run both in the client and the server
V
  • V8: Google’s open source JavaScript engine. It’s what Chrome is running, but it’s also used for other projects like Node.js and MongoDB
  • Vanilla: a term for library/framework free JavaScript
  • Virtual DOM: a pattern in which a JavaScript representation of the desired DOM is created and the framework sorts out the details of how to make it happen
  • VueJS: a library for creating user interfaces based on data models
W
  • WebGL: a JavaScript API for rendering interactive 3D and 2D graphics within any compatible web browser without the use of plug-ins
  • Webpack: a dependency manager with a friendly and fast development environment, simplifying a lot of common tasks
X
  • XHR: XMLHttpRequest is an API that provides client functionality for transferring data between a client and a server without page refresh
Y
  • Yeoman: a generator builder to speed up the setup and installation process of a project or part of a project
Z
  • Zepto: a lightweight jQuery clone, without all the browser-compatibility specific code